People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Document 2/132/16 (St A. Lib., 56-62)

Pope Lucius III writes to Walter, prior of St Andrews, and following Pope Alexander, takes the church into his protection; all the possessions and goods which they have or may acquire by papal permission, by the liberality of kings or the gifts of the faithful, may remain with the prior and his successors, including the place where the church is situated with its pertinents; from the gift of King David, the church of Linlithgow (WLO) with the lands and houses within and outwith the burgh; the teinds, rents, chapels and other things and customs pertaining to the church, the teinds of the mill of Linlithgow, the church of Longforgan (PER) with one toft, and the land of the adjacent church with teinds, the whole shire of Longforgan, one [net in the] water in Berwick with the toft that is next to the church and another toft in the same villa next to the Tweed, one toft in Haddington, one toft in Clackmannan; the wood of Clackmannan and as many of their men are needed; free passage for crossing the sea for the canons and their men; the teinds of the king’s leather of Fife; one net in the water of Perth with the king’s own nets; 1 mark of the king’s ferme of Perth at Easter for the lighting of the church; 3 marks yearly from the king’s cain of ships at Perth for the canons’ vestments; from the gift of King Malcolm, half a ploughgate of land [belonging] to the church of Longforgan; one net in the water of Perth with the king’s own nets; one toft in Perth; one ploughgate of land called ‘Melcrethre’ by its right marches; from the gift of Robert, bishop of St Andrews, Balone (FIF), ‘Drumsach’ (FIF) , ‘Egglesnamin’ (FIF) , ‘Balemartin’ (FIF) , Strathkinness (FIF), Rummond (FIF), ‘Chindargog’ (FIF) , Balgove (FIF), with a saltpan, Pitoutie (FIF), Kinnemone (FIF), Kinestair (FIF), ‘Lethin’ (Priorletham, FIF), Ladeddie (FIF), Claremont (FIF), Drumcarro (FIF), Kinninmonth, with all the shire, and one toft in Kilrymont (FIF), East Balrymonth (FIF), Stravithie (FIF), Cassindonald (FIF), Baldinnie (FIF), the mills of Kilrymont, Peekie (FIF) and Nydie (FIF), the abbey of the island of Loch Leven with lands, churches, cain and all pertinents, the hospital of St Andrews in regards to the maintenance of guests and pilgrims, with lands, possessions and rents pertaining to it, that is, the rock of St Andrew and the land called Scooniehill (FIF), and the other land of Kenly (FIF) from the gift of King David, with one ploughgate of land in Kedlock (FIF) together with the lands of Rathelpie (FIF) and Pitmullen (FIF), from the gift of Countess Ada; from the gift of Bishop Arnold, the church of Dairsie with lands, teinds and oblations, and one ploughgate of land in the same villa; the chapel of Fowlis Easter (ANG) with all its pertinents, the church of Portmoak (KNR), the teinds of all his secular and ecclesiastical pleas, all reliefs, all oblations of the altar which they serve; the land between the city and church as the river Kinness flows into the sea; from the donation of Bishop Richard, the parish church of the Holy Trinity of Kilrymont and its cemetery with chapels, lands, teinds and oblations; from the donation of the same bishop, the church of Haddington with lands, chapels and all pertinents, the church of St Cyrus (KCD), with chapels and remaining pertinents, the church of Lathrisk (FIF), with chapels, that is Kettle and ‘Fordin’, the church of Inchture (PER), and the church of Kinnaird (PER) with lands; the Pentecostal procession of Lothian and Scotia; the land next to St Andrews which Malsnacht held and the land of ‘Turdath’ which he gave for the new work on the church; the land of Allan (FIF) which Slúagadach held and Stravithie, Denork (FIF), Garriech (FIF), Nevethy-Endereth (FIF), the tofts in the burgh of St Andrews, one which Robert de Bonair held and the other which belonged to Cuthbert, the dean, and one perch of land which William Brun held and the toft which Master Herbert held; from the gift of Matthew, the archdeacon, Rossie (PER) by its right marches and the church of the same villa; from the donation of Bishop Arnold, the rents of those who owe them to St Andrews; from the gift of Simon, bishop of Moray, the church of Kinnedar (MOR) with one ploughgate of land and the teinds of the rents in his demesnes, the church of Markinch (PER), the church of Cupar (FIF) with pertinents and the teinds of the mill of the same villa, the church of Scoonie (FIF), the church of Tarland (ABD) with the land and mill, the church of Migvie (ABD) with pertinent lands, the church of Muckersie (PER) with pertinent lands and a half ploughgate of land in ‘Inuirmed’ (Inver, ABD), all the teinds of cain, hunting and pleas of Morgrund, late earl of Mar, the church of Meigle (PER) with its chapel and with the ecclesiastic villa, and the rents which Simon, knight, endowed and was accustomed to paying; from the gift of Hugh Giffard, a half ploughgate of land in ‘Roskelin’ in the shire of Dundee (ANG) and from another half ploughgate there, 10s. annually; from the gift of Alan, son of Walter, one toft in the burgh of Rutherglen (LAN) and a half ploughgate of land at Dundonald (AYR); from the gift of Henry Lovel, 2 oxgangs of land in the territory of Hawick (ROX); from the gift of William the clerk, a certain land next to the road in Roxburgh, the church of Kennoway (FIF) with lands, and the land called Kilmux (FIF) next to Kennoway which Merleswain gave to them, and in the burgh of Perth, half a toft which belonged to Seolf; the right to hold a court for pleas and disputes as granted by the king, just as freely as they hold churches or alms in the whole realm of the Scots; the liberties which King David gave, that is, that no one shall seize poinds on their lands, in respect of forfeitures or debts incurred, or by others. The pope also sanctions the right to choose bishops and priors and orders that as the céli De die they are to be replaced by regular canons. The abbey is exempt from tithes on new lands brought under cultivation by them or at their expense. They are also exempt from tithes on the offspring of their animals. They are permitted to take in whatever clerics or laymen have fled from the secular world and have converted freely, and to retain them without any contradiction. None of the brothers, after making their profession, shall be permitted to depart the cloister without the permission of the abbot; no one may intend to depart without the surety of common letters; he permits the right to celebrate divine office privately and quietly during a general interdict. The pope decrees that burial, for those who shall decide to be buried in that place, will be unimpeded, except for those excommunicated or under interdict, saving justice to the church where they are buried. Within the cloisters of the monastery, no one may commit robbery or theft or exercise violence. No one shall promulgate a sentence of excommunication, suspension or interdict without just cause. In addition, he was permitted to chose, out of three or four canons, one to be presented to the diocesan bishop, who shall commit the cure of souls to him so that he may answer to him for spiritual and temporal dues. The pope directs that no man is permitted to disturb the church or carry away its possessions; saving to the bishop canonical justice and reverence and the authority of the apostolic see. Should any secular person attempt to go against this, after three warnings if he should not make amends, he may lose his honour and be liable to divine justice, and subject himself to retribution.
Firm date
30 March 1183
Dating Notes
3 kal. Apr., 1183, pontifical year 2
Place date (modern)
Place date (document)
Related Place
Source for Data Entry
St Andrews Liber, 56-62
Trad. ID
St A. Lib., 56-62
Calendar number
Charter type
Papal privilege: general confirmation

Total number of associated factoids: 49