People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Document 2/132/11 (Arb. Lib., no. 220)

Pope Lucius III writes to Henry, abbot of Arbroath, and the brethren there, taking the monastery into his protection; all the possessions and goods which they have or may acquire by papal permission, by the liberality of kings or the gifts of the faithful, may remain with the abbot and his successors, including the place in which the monastery is situated and all the shire, and all pertinents by their right marches; from the gift and grant of William, king of Scots, founder of the abbey, the church of the villa with lands, teinds and pertinents; all of Ethie (ANG) by its right marches and with the church of the villa; ‘Athinglas’ (in Arbroath and St Vigeans) and Dunnichen (ANG) with all its shire and church; Kingoldrum (ANG) with its whole shire and church; the churches of Old Montrose (ANG), Newtyle (ANG), Banchory-Ternan (KCD), Glamis (ANG) with their lands, teinds and pertinents; one full toft in all the various burghs and lodgings of the king; one full net on the water of North Esk; one saltpan in the Carse of Stirling with five acres of land; the liberty to found a burgh and have a harbour, and to hold a market every Saturday; also, the abbey and burgesses who have land in the same burgh or who have tofts elsewhere within the king’s burghs, shall be quit and free from toll and customs through the whole realm and every port in Scotland, freedom of its own court, with sake, soke, toll, team, infangthief, ordeal of iron, trial by battle, pit and gallows, and firm peace within the marches, as the king’s charter testifies. The abbey is exempt from tithes on new lands brought under cultivation by them or at their expense. They are also exempt from tithes on the offspring of their animals. They are permitted to take in whatever clerics or laymen have fled from the secular world and have converted freely, and to retain them without any contradiction. None of the brothers, after making their profession, shall be permitted to depart the cloister without the permission of the abbot; no one may intend to depart without the surety of common letters; he permits the right to celebrate divine office privately and quietly during a general interdict. In the parish churches, he is permitted to elect clerics or priests and present [them] to the bishop; if they are suitable, the bishop may commit cure of souls to them so that they may answer for spiritual and temporal dues. No one shall promulgate a sentence of excommunication, suspension or interdict without just cause. The pope decrees that burial, for those who shall decide to be buried in that place, will be unimpeded, except for those excommunicated or under interdict, saving justice to the church where they are buried. The pope directs that no man is permitted to disturb the church or carry away its possessions; saving to the bishop canonical justice and reverence and the authority of the apostolic see. Should any secular person attempt to go against this, after three warnings if he should not make amends, he may lost his honour and be liable to divine justice, and subject himself to retribution.
Firm date
27 March 1182
Dating Notes
6 kal. Apr., 1182, pontifical year 1
Place date (modern)
Place date (document)
Related Place
Source for Data Entry
Arbroath Liber, no. 220
Trad. ID
Arb. Lib., no. 220
Calendar number
Charter type
Papal privilege: general confirmation

Total number of associated factoids: 7

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Date Short Summary Primary Witnesses
unavailable Gift and grant of William, king of Scots to Arbroath Abbey no
27 Mar. 1182 Confirmation of possessions of Arbroath Abbey yes