People of Medieval Scotland
1093 - 1371

Document 2/131/45 (Scotia Pontificia, no. 85)

Pope Alexander III writes to Walter, prior of Inchcolm, and the brethren there, taking the church of Inchcolm into his protection; all the possessions and goods which they have or may acquire by papal permission, by the liberality of kings or the gifts of the faithful, may remain with the prior and his successors, including the place where the church is situated and all its pertinents, the churches of Aberdour (FIF), Dalgety (FIF), Rosyth (FIF) with all the land which Richard, late bishop of Dunkeld gave in perpetual alms in the same villa to the church, Auchtertool (FIF) with two oxgangs of land, the chapel of Beath (FIF), ‘Kinmochtie’ (in Kinglassie, FIF) by its right marches, both Lower and Upper Kincarnas, Kilrie (FIF), Glassmount (FIF), as the charter of Bishop Richard establishes, half a ploughgate of land next to the church of St Melini (Melan?) with its chapel, ‘Buthadlach’ (in Beath, FIF) by its right marches, whatever rights held in Donibristle (FIF), in Lothian, Layne minor near Earl’s Lanine, two tofts in Cramond (MLO), near the sea, one toft in Edinburgh, two in Haddington, two oxgangs of land in Middleton (MLO), 4 marks from the mill of Cramond, 3s. from Cragin (Cragie, PER?), one mark from Kincarnyne of Waldeve, as his charter establishes, 12s. from the king’s demesne of Kinghorn, one toft in Tibbermore (PER) and 1,000 eels from Strathenry (FIF) from the gift of Robert de Quincy. None of the men are permitted to disturb the monastery or carry away its possessions. Should any secular person attempt to go against this, after three warnings if he should not make amends, he may lost his honour and be liable to divine justice, and subject himself to retribution. Everyone is debarred from presuming to exact teinds from the prior, in respect of fallow lands or of food for the animals. He sanctions – according to the general interdict of the land – the right to celebrate divine office privately and quietly during a general interdict. The prior is permitted to take in whatever women have fled from the secular world and have converted freely, and to retain them without any contradiction. None of the brothers, after making their profession, shall be permitted to depart the cloister without the permission of the abbot and all the congregation, no one may intend to depart without the surety of common letters, unless he has reasonable cause; In the parish churches, he is permitted to elect clerics or priests and present [them] to the bishop. If they are suitable, the bishop may commit cure of souls to them so that they may answer for spiritual and temporal dues. He is also permitted to institute three or four canons into his churches, who shall each answer for spiritual and temporal dues. It is not permitted for canons, except the prior, to receive professions. The pope decrees that burial, for those who shall decide to be buried in that place, will be unimpeded, except for those excommunicated or under interdict, saving justice to the mother church; finally, at the death of the prior, they may choose his successor.
Firm date
6 March 1179
Dating Notes
2 non. Mar., 1178, pontifical year 20
Place date (modern)
Place date (document)
Related Place
Source for Data Entry
Scotia Pontificia, no. 85
Trad. ID
Scotia Pontificia, no. 85
Calendar number
Charter type
Papal privilege: general confirmation
Original (contemporary)
Darnaway Castle, Earl of Moray Charters, 42.3.16

Total number of associated factoids: 10

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Date Short Summary Holder Lord
6 Mar. 1179 Kincarnie (Cockairnie, FIF) Waltheof (landholder in Beath)